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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 227-230

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: A diagnostic challenge in a rare presentation

Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sultan AbdulWadoud Alshoabi
Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Medina
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bc.bc_27_17

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Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon, life-threatening condition with a variable clinical presentation that makes it a challenge of diagnosis. A 39-year-old male patient presented to the hospital with complete loss of conscious and admitted to Medical Intensive Care Unit for investigation without any obvious history that was difficult for diagnosis. In this case, the patient presented with coma that is a rare presentation of CVST with no obvious clinical history and he was male patient that means he is free of all gender-specific risk factors of CVST. The brain computed tomography (CT) scan showed hypodense lesion in the left upper parietal region with no hemorrhage. The lesion was low-signal intensity (SI) on T1WIs and high SI on T2WIs and restricted on diffusion-weighted images like arterial infarctions, but magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was normal that excluded arterial infarction. Gadolinium-enhanced MR venography (MRV) showed the filling defect of CVST. CVST can be present by a mysterious clinical presentation that makes it as a challenge of diagnosis even by medical imaging by CT and MR imaging (MRI). A combination of MRI and MRV is the best, noninvasive, and nonionizing imaging modality for the diagnosis of CVST.

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